Nature photography refers to a wide range of photography taken outdoors and devoted to displaying natural elements such as landscapes, wildlife, plants, and close-ups of natural scenes and textures. Nature photography tends to put a stronger emphasis on the aesthetic value of the photo than other photography genres, such as photojournalism and documentary photography.
The world’s largest photography organisations, the Photographic Society of America, the Fédération Internationale de l’Art Photographique and the Royal Photographic Society have agreed a definition for nature and wildlife photography that will be applied to photography competitions.The techniques of wildlife photography differ greatly from those used in landscape photography. For example, in wildlife photography wide apertures are used to achieve a fast shutter speed, freeze the subject’s motion, and blur the backgrounds, while landscape photographers prefer small apertures. Wildlife is also usually shot with long telephoto lenses from a great distance; the use of such telephoto lenses frequently necessitates the use of a tripod (since the longer the lens, the harder it is to handhold). Many wildlife photographers use blindsor camouflage.
Macro / Texture
The macro photography article explains close-up photography in general; however, this is also a type of nature photography. While common macro subjects – bees, dragonflies, and so on – could be described as wildlife, their world also makes for good photography.
Many photographers record images of the texture in a stone, tree bark, leaf, or any of other small scenes. Many of these images are abstract. Tiny plants and mushrooms are also popular subjects. Close-up nature photography doesn’t always need a true macro lens; however, the scenes here are small enough that they’re generally considered different from regular landscapes.
Use of color
Color images are not a requirement of nature photography. Ansel Adams is famous for his black and white depictions of nature, while Galen Rowell praised Fujifilm Velvia film for its bright, saturated colors, asking “Who wants to take dull pictures that will last a hundred years?” Both men distinguish between photography as an expressive art form and sensitometry; an accurate reproduction is not necessary.